The Annotated Ramsar List: Bahrain


The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance


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The Convention on Wetlands came into force for Bahrain on 27 February 1998. Bahrain presently has 2 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 6,810 hectares.

site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas

Hawar Islands. 27/10/97; 5,200 ha; 25º40’N 050º50’E. State-owned. An archipelago of 16 small desert islands (of which the largest covers 4.1ha) and islets in the Gulf of Bahrain, surrounded by shallow seas with extensive seagrass beds. The islands are in relatively pristine condition because access is severely restricted by the coast guard and military. The islands support one of the world’s largest concentrations of the Socotra Cormorant, and significant numbers of Greater Flamingo and Black-headed Gull. Notable marine species in the surrounding waters include the endangered dugong and several species of marine turtles. Ramsar site no. 920. Most recent RIS information: 2002.

Tubli Bay. 27/10/97; 1,610 ha; 26º11’N 050º34’E. State-owned; Natural Reserve at Ras Sand. A sheltered bay with extensive intertidal mud/sand flats south of the capital city Manama. The only remaining natural mangrove stand in the country is located at Ras Sand in the southwest corner of the site. Important nursery area for commercially-important prawns and fish. An important staging and wintering area for up to 45 species of waterbirds. Land use within and around the site is limited to small-scale commercial fishing, recreation and cultivation. Ramsar site no. 921. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

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Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,186 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,674,247

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