The Annotated Ramsar List: Montenegro


The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance


The Convention on Wetlands came into force for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 28 July 1977. UNESCO has informed the Ramsar Bureau that on 3 July 2001 the Federal Republic Yugoslavia accepted the Ramsar Convention as a successor State to the SFR of Yugoslavia, as of 27 April 1992. The country's name was changed to Serbia and Montenegro as of 4 February 2003. Following the referendum of 21 May 2006, Montenegro and Serbia have altered their constitutional arrangements. On 18 June 2007, Montenegro officially declared its succession to the Ramsar Convention as from 3 June 2006.

Montenegro presently has 2 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 20,150 hectares.

site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas

Skadarsko Jezero. 15/12/95; Bar, Podgorica Municipalities; 20,000 ha; 42º12'N 019º17'E. National Park; Ornithological Reserve, Scientific Reserve. A natural freshwater lake of tectonic-karst origin, supporting a lush wetland vegetation of various reed, sedge and willow species. The site includes woodlands and sub-Mediterranean communities. The diverse fauna includes endemic invertebrates, numerous fish species, and mammals. The site is important for nesting, staging and wintering waterbirds of various species, some of which are globally threatened. Large numbers of waterbirds occur during spring migration. Human activities include fishing, hunting and poaching. Subject of a Ramsar Advisory Mission, 2005. Ramsar site no. 784. Most recent RIS information: 1995.

Tivat Saline (Tivatska solila). 30/01/2013; Tivat Municipality; 150 ha; 42°23'37"N 018°42'55"E. Special Flora and Fauna Reserve, Emerald Network, Important Bird Area, Strict Nature Reserve. Situated in the coastal strip of Tivat Bay between the rivers Odoljenštica and Koložunja, the site comprises a centuries-old former salt works and includes the underwater site of Jankove Vode. It is an important resting and feeding area for migratory birds such as Limosa limosa, Numenius arquata, and Aythya nyroca, as well as the regional population of Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus. The site also supports such endangered reptile species as Ophisaurus apodus, sea turtles like Caretta caretta, and the endangered amphibian Rana shqiperica. Within the site complex types of halophyte vegetation grow on sludge-clay ground, a type of vegetation which has largely disappeared from the eastern coast of the Adriatic. Besides the old salt works infrastructure (dyke, canals, etc.), archaeological relics have been identified at the salina and its surroundings, including fragments of Hellenistic-Roman ceramics, mainly amphoras and fragments of Corinthian skyphoi (6th century BC). Hunting activities are allowed in the site. Potential factors threatening the ecological character of this wetland are poaching, pollution, and touristic pressure. A management plan for the site is currently under preparation. Ramsar Site no. 2135. Latest RIS Information: 2013.

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Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,186 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,674,247

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