The Annotated Ramsar List: Malta


The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance


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The Convention on Wetlands came into force for Malta on 30 January 1989. Malta presently has 2 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 16 hectares.

site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas

Ghadira.30/09/88; 11 ha; 35º58’N 014º21’E. Council of Europe Biogenetic Reserve; Mediterranean Protected Area, No Hunting Area. A brackish coastal pool (once used for salt production) of varying water level and salinity, bordered by dunes. Several rare plant species, salt-resistant vegetation, and a diverse invertebrate fauna, including endemic grasshoppers and wasps, are supported. The rare fish Aphianus fasciatus, endangered elsewhere on Malta, is present in good numbers. An important area for resting and feeding for numerous species of migratory birds. Human activities include intensive summer tourism and conservation education. The surrounding land is under intensive cultivation. Ramsar site no. 410. Most recent RIS information: 1991.

Is-Simar.29/01/96; 5 ha; 35º57’N 014º23’E. Nature Reserve. A human-made coastal wetland consisting of a saltmarsh, a central pool with islets supporting dense salt-resistant vegetation, shrubs, Acacia trees and Aleppo pines. Noise pollution from a nearby road creates some disturbance. Water levels are maintained by precipitation, run-off, and saltwater seepage through the porous substratum. Human activities include picnickers and campers. There are bird observation hides available. Ramsar site no. 789. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

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Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,186 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,674,247

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